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Cow Protection History


The cow protection movement was the movement that demanded end of cow slaughter in British India. The movement gained momentum with the support fromArya Samaj and its founding father Swami Dayananda Saraswati. Swami Dayananda and his followers travelled across India which led to the establishment of cow protection societies in various regions of India starting at 1882. In 1893, during the peak of this movement and immediately after an order from a Britishmagistrate who asked Muslims who wanted to sacrifice to register, violence broke out in Mau in Azamgarh district which in the following months culminated in riots across Northern India spreading its tentacles all the way to Bombay and Rangoon.


.;. Arya Samaj propounded the idea that Hindus should cleanse their religion and return to the purer form of Hinduism which existed during Vedic times. While this movement rejected idol worship, polytheism, child marriage, widow celibacy, thecaste system by birth and the spiritual superiority of Brahman priests, it accepted the practice of cow worship.
In a treatise called Gokarunanidhi, (Ocean of mercy to the cow), published by Dayananda Saraswathi in 1881 the author strcyrongly opposed cow slaughter as an anti-Hindu act. Dayananda and his followers travelled all across India giving lectures and founding societies. The advent of trains, buses, and printing presses aided in a much wider dissemination of their messages.
It is also argued that British policy during that time strengthened the organization. In 1888, a high court in Allahabad ruled that cows are not “sacred” animals as defined in section 295 of the Indian Penal Code and Muslims could not be held accountable for slaughtering them


Historians argue that the symbol of the cow was used as a means of mobilizing Hindus. In the 1870s, cow protection movements spread rapidly in the Punjab, the North-West provinces, Awadh and Rohilkhand. Arya Samaj had a tremendous role in skillfully converting this sentiment into a national movement. Vijaypal Baghel has been dedicating to save cow and conducting a mass movement in the northern India.
.The first Gaurakshini sabha (cow protection society) was established in the Punjab in 1882. The movement spread rapidly all over North India and to Bengal, Bombay, Madras and other central provinces. The organization rescued wandering cows and reclaimed them to groom them in places called gaushalas (cow refuges). Charitable networks developed all through North India to collect rice from individuals, pool the contributions, and re-sell them to fund thegaushalas. Signatures, up to 350,000 in some places, were collected to demand a ban on cow sacrifice.

1893 RIOTS…

Cow protection sentiment reached its peak in 1893. Large public meetings were held in Nagpur, Hardwar and Benares to denounce beef-eaters. Melodramas were conducted to display the plight of cows, and pamphlets were distributed, to create awareness among those who sacrificed and ate them. Riots broke out between Hindus and Muslims inMau in the Azamgarh district;it took 3 days for the government to regain control.


1966 anti-cow slaughter agitation was the agitation by Hindu organizations in 1966 to demand a ban on the slaughter of cows in India, as enshrined in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India. Among others, theShankaracharya fasted for the cause. The agitation culminated in a massive demonstration outside Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi on 7 November 1966 (as per Hindu Panchang, Vikram Samvat, Kartik Shukla Ashtami, famously known as Gopashtami among Hindus).
.The Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi did not accept the demand for a ban on cow slaughtering. A mob of 10,000 advocates against cow slaughter, lead by Hindu holymen tried to storm the parliament, but were prevented. The mob then rampaged through the capital city. A 48 hour curfew was ordered, all the meetings were banned. The Mob also attacked the then congress president Kamaraj’s Delhi residence and set it on fire.
.The Home minister, Gulzarilal Nanda, resigned, taking responsibility for the administration’s failure to maintain law and order. The Shankracharya Niranjandev Tirth, Swami Karpatri and Mahatma Ramchandra Veer observing fast fast for killing of sadhus. Mahatma Ramchandra Veer observing 166 days longtime fast at that time.

Introduce strict laws for cow protection:Odisha Surakhya Sena

Bhubaneswar,17/01 ( Odisha Samachar/Abhisek Mohanty) :Demanding strict laws for cow protection in the State, activists of Odisha Surakhya Sena staged a dharna at lower PMG here on Saturday.
During the protest, activists said “The Orissa Prevention of Cow Slaughters Act, 1960, Act 5 of 1961 is mostly violated in the State. A strict act must be introduced to check the rampant cow slaughter and transportation as cow has been respected and honoured by the Hindus since ancient days”.